The foundations of meteorological services in Australia were laid during the nineteenth century and a key player was Sir Charles Todd, the polymath Astronomer General of South Australia.  Todd’s unique legacy included 31 years of weather history neatly bound in 64 volumes.  Meteorological observations for each of the 11,000 days are recorded in a daily continental weather map accompanied by news articles of the day describing weather events across eastern Australia.  A team of AMETA volunteers, hosted by the Bureau of Meteorology in Adelaide, has electronically imaged all 26,000+ pages of these volumes.   The collection starting in 1879 includes the earliest use of isobaric maps and develops through to the first maps posted for public consumption in the mid 1880’s and finishes with the ‘production maps’ of pre-Federalised weather observations and forecasting. The maps are accompanied by the first in-house forecasts and later published forecasts, early rainfall maps, weather observations from the logs of sailing ships, telegrams and letters about significant weather events, etcetera.  The images created by the team have been accepted for inclusion in the National Digital Heritage Collection of the National Archives of Australia, and can be viewed online at An appreciation of the scope of Todd’s various activities can be obtained at The volunteer group (a citizen science team) has gone on to image the post-Todd folios and has completed to 1939 (total of 65,000 images).  The group is also ‘digitising’ the key data from the images for inclusion in the global historical weather databanks at the NOAA in Washington.  This data is used in a computer model to recreate synoptic charts going back 175 years.  These recreations are used as part of the benchmarking process for climate change analysis. On 28 Jan 2016, John Nairn, Regional Director of the South Australia Region, BoM, presented an Australia Day Award to Mac Benoy in recognition of his role as Team Leader of the Volunteer Group (see picture on the right). Awards were also made to leaders of the two main subgroups - historical weather data recovery and social history. Some of the many volunteers involved were present at the ceremony, and are pictured below.